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At the end of the 1990s, Hermann Traitteur began to instruct anatomy and physiology within the nascent German teacher training of Iyengar Yoga. During this time, he developed handouts for the courses as he found the majority of anatomy textbooks too complicated for the purposes of Iyengar Yoga and too difficult to understand for those without a background in medicine.
From this “reader” emerged the German book „Yoga Asana Anatomie“ first published in 2016. It took three more years to realize the English translation, which has gained greater depth and scope due to useful contributions made by Lois Steinberg and others. Geeta S. Iyengar kindly contributed a beautifully written foreword.

Yoga Asana Anatomy aspires to be readable and accessible to those without extensive medical knowledge. At the same time, it is also intended to be a fascinating and informative guidebook for those possessing medical expertise. Technical terms are listed first in English, with the Latin terms following in parentheses.

The texts are constructed so that each theme’s anatomical explanations are coupled with corresponding color pictures. References are made to asana and to pathology, or, different health problems that can arise in the musculoskeletal system. Tips are provided about asanas that can be practiced as preventative measures. Numerous illustrations contribute to the visualization of the explanations. For the sake of clarity and easier reading, each chapter ends with a short summary.

The book begins with a presentation of different concepts of the human, from the natural sciences to yoga philosophy.
The chapter concerning general anatomy explicates such terms as “cell” and “tissue,” and then focuses more particularly on bone, cartilage, connective, and muscle tissues.
Thereafter follow descriptions and illustrations of the ligaments, tendons, and joints.

Practitioners of Iyengar Yoga first learn standing poses, and the poses are initially taught from the extremities. Students are taught to use the arms and legs both to move these appendages and to affect the chest and the rest of the torso. Accordingly, in the following chapters the book first addresses the legs (lower extremity), followed by the arms (upper extremity), and lastly the torso including the neck. The bones, the joints, and the muscles (largest in scope) are presented in that order within each section.

The muscles are described according to their locations and are grouped according to their functions. For example, all muscles that raise the arm or turn out the leg in the hip joint, etc. are described. For each muscle, typical asanas are presented that, for example, strengthen or stretch the muscle. The same is repeated with the muscle groups.

For those who practice Iyengar Yoga, it makes more sense to understand muscles within the context of their groups, because we use groups of muscles to initiate and maintain actions. It is only after muscle groups are understood that it is possible to learn subtle actions based on individual muscles.

The explanations continually return to those found in the standard works of Iyengar Yoga. Asanas are drawn especially from Geeta S. Iyengar’s books Yoga in Action: Preliminary Course and Yoga In Action: Intermediate Course I and should be understood in relation to her instructions. Illustrations are taken from Annette Herrenleben’s book Yoga­übungssequenzen (also published by Yoga Mitte Bücher).


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